Dr. Villani is trained in the newest innovation of foot and ankle surgery and is also now doing minimally invasive hammertoe corrections. Hammertoes are a deformity of the toes where improper contractions of the digits are present.
The toes are made up of 3 bones: the proximal, middle, and distal phalanges. There are three joints: the metatarsal phalangeal joint, the proximal interphalangeal joint, and the distal interphalangeal joint. There are be abnormal contractions from the tendons on the top of the foot that result in hammertoe deformities at any of these toe joints.
Hammertoes are diagnosed after thorough history and physical exam with your foot and ankle specialist. X-rays are an important part of determining the severity of the hammertoes.
The specific and best treatment plan will need to be further discussed with your foot and ankle surgeon. Surgical repair of hammertoes depends on the degree and location of the deformity. These surgical corrections can be as simple as a tendon release, which we performed in the office. Other more advanced deformities require resection and fusion of the affected toe joints.
**Disclaimer: Treatment recommendations may vary depending on your true diagnosis. Always follow the recommendations of your orthopedic provider.