Understanding Common Conditions That Cause Back Pain

Understanding Common Conditions That Cause Back Pain

Understanding Common Conditions That Cause Back Pain

Back pain is one of the most common reasons people visit doctors and miss work. According to the American Chiropractic Association, about 80% of the population will experience back pain at some point in their lives. It's a pervasive issue that can significantly impact your quality of life. If you're residing in Deltona, FL, and suffering from chronic back pain, understanding its causes and seeking specialized care from an orthopedic surgeon might be your first step toward relief.

What Causes Back Pain?

Back pain can stem from numerous conditions. Here, we break down some of the most common causes:

1. Herniated Discs

A herniated disc occurs when the inner gel-like core of a spinal disc pushes out through a tear in the tougher outer layer. This can irritate nearby nerves, resulting in pain, numbness, or weakness in an arm or leg. Herniated discs are most often caused by disc degeneration, a gradual wear and tear with aging.

2. Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease but a condition in which a compromised disc causes pain. The condition can result from the natural aging process or injury. The discs lose their flexibility, elasticity, and their shock-absorbing characteristics, contributing to pain.

3. Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine. It occurs most often in the lower back and the neck. Symptoms might include pain, numbness, muscle weakness, and problems with bladder or bowel function.

4. Sciatica

Sciatica refers to pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve, which branches from your lower back through your hips and buttocks and down each leg. It typically affects only one side of your body. Sciatica most commonly occurs when a herniated disc or bone spur compresses part of the nerve.

5. Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.

6. Muscle Strain

Muscle strains are a common cause of back pain and can occur from heavy lifting or an awkward movement. Poor physical condition, excess weight, and improper lifting practices worsen the risk of muscle strains.

7. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the spine is a condition wherein the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. It leads to pain, stiffness, and decreased mobility. The lower back and neck are most frequently affected by osteoarthritis.

When to See an Orthopedic Surgeon

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it may be time to consult an orthopedic surgeon in Deltona, FL:

  • Severe, persistent back pain that does not improve with rest
  • Pain that spreads down one or both legs, especially if it extends below the knee
  • Weakness, numbness, or tingling in one or both legs
  • Unintended weight loss, fever, or chills
  • Difficulty in controlling bowel or bladder function

How Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute Can Help

At Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute, our experienced orthopedic surgeons specialize in diagnosing and treating various conditions that cause back pain. We take a comprehensive approach to each case, ensuring personalized care tailored to your unique needs.

Our Services Include:

  • Diagnosis: Using advanced imaging techniques such as MRI and CT scans, we can accurately diagnose the cause of your back pain.
  • Non-Surgical Treatment: Depending on the diagnosis, treatment may include physical therapy, medications, or injections.
  • Surgical Treatment: For more severe cases, our orthopedic surgeons are skilled in a range of surgical procedures, from minimally invasive techniques to complex spinal surgeries.

Prevention Tips for Back Pain

While some causes of back pain are inevitable, there are steps you can take to prevent it:

  • Exercise Regularly: Focus on exercises that strengthen your core muscles.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Excess weight puts additional strain on your back.
  • Practice Good Posture: Ensure your workstation is ergonomic and avoid slouching.
  • Lift Properly: Be mindful of your lifting techniques. Bend your knees and keep your back straight.
  • Stay Active: Avoid prolonged periods of inactivity.


Understanding the common conditions that cause back pain is the first step towards effective treatment and relief. If you're in Deltona, FL, and struggling with persistent or severe back pain, don't hesitate to contact Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute. Our expert orthopedic surgeons are here to help you find the best treatment plan tailored to your needs.

Ready to take the next step? Contact us today to schedule your consultation and start your journey towards a pain-free life.