Hip Dysplasia: When Is Surgery Required?

Hip Dysplasia: When Is Surgery Required?

Hip Dysplasia: When Is Surgery Required?


Hip dysplasia is a condition where the hip socket doesn't fully cover the ball portion of the upper thighbone. This can lead to partial or complete dislocation. It is a common condition that can affect individuals of all ages, from newborns to adults. But when does this condition necessitate surgical intervention? Let's explore the ins and outs of hip dysplasia, the scenarios where surgery becomes essential, and how to find the best orthopedic surgeon in Debary, FL.


What is Hip Dysplasia?

Understanding the Condition

Hip dysplasia is often referred to as developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) when it occurs in infants and children. In adults, it can lead to osteoarthritis if not treated. The condition can range from mild to severe, affecting the stability and function of the hip joint.

Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia

  • Infants: Limited movement in one leg, uneven leg lengths, and asymmetrical skin folds around the thigh.
  • Adults: Pain in the groin or outer thigh, a limp, and stiffness in the hip.

Non-Surgical Treatments

Bracing for Infants

For infants diagnosed with hip dysplasia, a brace or harness is often the first line of treatment. The Pavlik harness is commonly used to keep the hip in place and allow the joint to develop properly.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can be beneficial in both children and adults to strengthen the muscles around the hip and improve joint stability.


Anti-inflammatory medications can help manage pain and inflammation in adults suffering from hip dysplasia.

When is Surgery Required?

Indications for Surgery

Surgery is generally considered when non-surgical treatments fail or when the condition is severe. Here are some common indications:

  • Persistent Pain: If pain persists despite medications and physical therapy, surgery may be required.
  • Limited Mobility: Severe cases that limit mobility and daily activities might necessitate surgical intervention.
  • Osteoarthritis: Advanced hip dysplasia can lead to osteoarthritis, requiring surgical correction.
  • Dislocation: If the hip is frequently dislocating, surgery might be the best option.

Types of Surgical Procedures

There are several surgical options available, depending on the severity of the condition and the age of the patient.

Periacetabular Osteotomy (PAO)

This procedure is commonly performed in adolescents and young adults. It involves cutting the bone around the hip socket to reposition it, providing better coverage of the ball portion of the thighbone.

Total Hip Replacement (THR)

In older adults, or in severe cases where the joint is significantly damaged, a total hip replacement may be necessary. This involves replacing the damaged hip joint with a prosthetic one.

Femoral Osteotomy

This procedure involves cutting and realigning the thighbone to improve the fit of the hip joint. It is often used in conjunction with other surgeries.

Choosing the Right Orthopedic Surgeon

Importance of Expertise

Choosing the right orthopedic surgeon is crucial for a successful outcome. Look for a surgeon who specializes in hip dysplasia and has extensive experience in performing the required surgical procedures.

Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute

If you're looking for an orthopedic surgeon in Debary, FL, consider Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute. Our team of experienced orthopedic surgeons is committed to providing personalized care and the latest surgical techniques.

Why Choose Us?

  • Expertise: Our surgeons specialize in hip dysplasia and have a proven track record of successful surgeries.
  • Comprehensive Care: We offer a full range of services, from diagnosis to post-operative care.
  • State-of-the-Art Facilities: Our clinic is equipped with the latest technology to ensure the best possible outcomes.


Hip dysplasia is a condition that requires careful management. While non-surgical treatments can be effective in many cases, surgery may be necessary for severe or persistent conditions. If you're in need of an orthopedic surgeon in Debary, FL, contact Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute today to schedule a consultation and learn more about your treatment options.