Understanding the Causes of Rotator Cuff Tear

Understanding the Causes of Rotator Cuff Tear

Understanding the Causes of Rotator Cuff Tear


The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surrounds the shoulder joint, providing stability and support to the shoulder. As one of the most used joints in the human body, the shoulder is constantly subjected to wear and tear. One common injury that can occur is rotator cuff tear. This injury is prevalent among athletes, manual laborers, and middle-aged individuals. In this blog, we will explore the causes of rotator cuff tear and how it is diagnosed. If you're in Lake Mary, FL, and need an orthopedic surgeon, contact Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute for more information.


Age is one of the leading causes of rotator cuff tear. With aging comes wear and tear of the muscles and tendons around the shoulder joint. This makes them more prone to injury, leading to Rotator Cuff tears. Another contributing factor is shoulder overuse. Activities that require repetitive shoulder motion, such as throwing, pitching, or painting, can lead to small tears in the rotator cuff muscles, which can worsen over time.

Shoulder impingement syndrome is another prevalent cause of rotator cuff tear. This syndrome occurs when the rotator cuff muscles rub against the acromion bone at the top of the shoulder blade. This rubbing can wear down the rotator cuff tendons, leading to tears.

An abrupt injury or sudden trauma to the shoulder, such as a fall on an outstretched arm, can cause rotator cuff tears. These injuries are prevalent in contact sports such as basketball, rugby, and football. Trauma to the shoulder can also happen from motor vehicle accidents, resulting in sprains, strains, and rotator cuff tears.

Genetics can also play a role in the development of rotator cuff tears. Some people are born with weaker rotator cuff tendons, making them more susceptible to injury. Additionally, some genetic disorders such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome can affect connective tissues, making them weaker and increasing the risk for rotator cuff injuries.



Rotator cuff tear can cause discomfort and mobility limitations, making it challenging to perform daily activities such as lifting or reaching. Understanding the causes of rotator cuff tear can help prevent injury and allow you to seek appropriate medical assistance when needed. If you experience symptoms such as weakness, pain, or limited mobility in your shoulder, contact Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute in Lake Mary, FL, to schedule an appointment with an orthopedic surgeon in Lake Mary, FL. They will help diagnose and effectively treat your rotator cuff tear, increasing your chances of a full recovery.