Swelling Below The Knee: Causes & Treatment

Swelling Below The Knee: Causes & Treatment

Swelling Below The Knee: Causes & Treatment


Swelling below the knee can be caused by injuries, medical conditions, or even an underlying disease. It mostly happens to athletes and people who have physically active professions. Swelling below the knee could interfere with your daily activities and hamper your overall quality of life. However, it can be manageable if one receives the appropriate treatment or gets the correct diagnosis. In this article, we will dive into the various causes of knee swelling and discuss their potential treatments.


1. Ligament injuries

Ligament injuries are common causes of swelling below the knee, primarily for individuals involved in contact sports. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is more susceptible to injury than the other ligaments in the knee. The symptoms of a ligament injury include stiffness, pain, and instability. The treatment options for ligament injuries include knee immobilization through a brace or surgery.

2. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that is more prevalent in women and people over 50 years old. This condition weakens the cartilage that cushions the bones around the joint, which results in inflammation and swelling below the knee. The symptoms of OA include stiffness, pain, and swelling. The treatment options for OA include physical therapy, weight loss, and medication. In severe cases, knee replacement surgery may be an option.

3. Bursitis

Bursitis is a condition where the bursae (small fluid-filled sacs) around the knee joint become inflamed and swollen. This condition may be caused by overuse, direct trauma, or bacterial infections. The symptoms of bursitis include stiffness, pain, and swelling, and the treatment options include rest, medication, and steroid injections.

4. Gout

Gout is a type of arthritis that causes sudden and severe pain, swelling, and tenderness in the joints. This condition is caused by high levels of uric acid in the bloodstream, which forms crystals that accumulate in the joint. The symptoms of gout include sudden pain, swelling, and tenderness in the knee. The treatment options for gout include medication, diet changes, and lifestyle modifications.

5. Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where blood clots form in the deep veins of the legs or thighs. This condition may cause swelling, pain, and tenderness. If left untreated, DVT may lead to serious complications such as pulmonary embolism, which is a potentially fatal condition. Treatment options include blood-thinning medications and compression stockings.



Swelling below the knee can be caused by various factors, and it is important to get the correct diagnosis to determine the best treatment options. If you are experiencing swelling below the knee, it is essential to seek the guidance of a medical professional promptly. Whether your swelling is caused by ligament injuries, osteoarthritis, bursitis, gout, or thrombosis, it is essential to get an accurate diagnosis and follow through with the recommended treatment options. At Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute, our team of experienced orthopedic surgeons in Debary, FL is dedicated to providing the highest level of care for patients. Contact us today to schedule your appointment and receive the best possible treatment for swelling below the knee.