Shoulder arthritis is a painful condition that can limit your range of motion and interfere with the activities of daily living. It is a common occurrence among older adults but can affect younger people as well. There are five types of shoulder arthritis, each with unique causes and symptoms. In this blog post, we will explain each type of arthritis, its causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and occurs as a result of wear and tear on the joint. The cartilage that lines the ends of your bones gradually wears away, causing bone-on-bone contact. This results in pain, inflammation, and swelling. Symptoms of osteoarthritis include stiffness in the morning, pain with activity, and limited range of motion. Treatment options for osteoarthritis include physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroid injections, and joint replacement surgery.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder where your body's immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of your joints, causing inflammation and pain. This inflammation can lead to damage to the cartilage and bone. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and fatigue. Treatment options for rheumatoid arthritis include anti-inflammatory medications, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and biologic agents.
Post-traumatic arthritis occurs as a result of a traumatic injury to the shoulder, such as a dislocation or fracture. This injury can damage the cartilage and bone, leading to arthritis symptoms. Symptoms of post-traumatic arthritis include pain, tenderness, stiffness, swelling, and a limited range of motion. Treatment options for post-traumatic arthritis include physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroid injections, and joint replacement surgery.
Avascular necrosis occurs when the blood supply to the bone in the shoulder joint is disrupted, causing the bone to die. This condition can be caused by a traumatic injury, long-term steroid use, or excessive alcohol consumption. Symptoms of avascular necrosis include pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion. Treatment options for avascular necrosis include weight-bearing restrictions, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, and joint replacement surgery.
Infectious arthritis is caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. It can affect any joint, including the shoulder. Symptoms of infectious arthritis include pain, swelling, stiffness, and tenderness. Treatment options for shoulder infectious arthritis include antibiotics, antiviral medications, and anti-inflammatory medications.
Shoulder arthritis can be a painful and limiting condition, but it is treatable. Understanding the five common types of shoulder arthritis, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options is essential to manage the condition effectively. If you are experiencing shoulder pain or stiffness, it is crucial to consult an orthopedic surgeon in Deland, FL, such as Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute, for proper diagnosis and treatment. Contact us today to learn more.