Common Causes of Ankle Fractures

Common Causes of Ankle Fractures

Common Causes of Ankle Fractures


Ankle fractures are a common orthopedic injury, particularly in athletes and sports enthusiasts. A fracture in the ankle refers to the partial or complete breakage of one or more bones that make up the ankle joint. Some people may experience mild symptoms, while others may have severe ones that require medical attention. This post is aimed at educating readers on the common causes of ankle fractures, how to recognize the symptoms, and the available treatment options.


1. Trauma

Trauma is the leading cause of ankle fractures among most patients. Trauma can be due to a direct or indirect hit to the ankle, such as falling down from a height, car accidents, or playing some sports. Anyone can fracture their ankle, but athletes are more prone to ankle sprains and strains, which can lead to ankle fractures if not treated early. It's essential to be careful when engaging in extreme outdoor activities or sports to avoid unnecessary injury.

2. Overuse Injury

Some ankle fractures result from overuse injury and repetitive stress on the ankle joint. For instance, athletes who perform high-impact sports, such as basketball, running, and gymnastics, are more prone to develop stress fractures. Over time, these minor fractures can develop into more serious injuries if left untreated. Sometimes, changing the activity or wearing supportive shoes can help reduce the risk of overusing the ankle joint.

3. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a medical condition where the bones become thin and weak, thereby making them more susceptible to fractures. Older adults are at risk of developing osteoporosis due to a decline in bone density. If you have osteoporosis, a minor fall, or even an act as simple as walking, can lead to a fracture. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and supplementation with Vitamin D and Calcium can help strengthen your bones.

4. Infections

Ankle fractures can also result from infections that weaken the ankle bones. For instance, patients with bone cancer and HIV are more prone to developing infections that eat away at the bones, making them weak and brittle. In some cases, treating the underlying medical condition and undergoing proper medical therapy may help prevent recurring ankle fractures.

5. Genetics

Some people are genetically predisposed to develop ankle fractures. Inherited bone disorders, such as osteogenesis imperfecta, can lead to weakened bones that are more likely to break. Genetic testing and proper medical therapy can also help manage this condition.



Ankle fractures are a common orthopedic problem that can cause pain and discomfort. Knowing the common causes of ankle fractures can help individuals take the necessary precautions to avoid injuries. If you suspect you have an ankle fracture, seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent further damage. Injured individuals should contact a skilled orthopedic surgeon in Deltona, FL, such as Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute, for urgent medical assistance. At Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute, we have a team of dedicated orthopedic surgeons who specialize in treating various orthopedic conditions, including ankle fractures. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and receive quality care from our professionals.