ACL Tears – Types, Symptoms, and Causes

ACL Tears – Types, Symptoms, and Causes

ACL Tears – Types, Symptoms, and Causes


An Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear is a common knee injury that can happen to anyone, regardless of age, gender, or activity level. This injury can happen during any physical activity that involves sudden stops, changes in direction, or landing from a jump. An ACL tear can significantly impact mobility and, in severe cases, require surgery. In this blog post, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about ACL tears, including the different types, symptoms, and causes.


Types of ACL Tears
ACL tears can be classified in three types: 

  • Grade 1 - This is a mild tear, where the ligament is stretched but not completely broken. 
  • Grade 2 - This is a partial tear, where the ligament is partially broken. 
  • Grade 3 - This is a complete tear or rupture, where the ACL is entirely separated.

Symptoms of an ACL Tear

The following symptoms can indicate an ACL tear: 

  1. Sudden, intense pain in the knee 
  2. Swelling 
  3. A “popping” sound at the moment of injury 
  4. Limited range of motion 
  5. Severe instability and difficulty standing or walking 
  6. Tenderness to the touch 

Causes of an ACL Tear

ACL tears are most common in athletes participating in high-impact sports. Other factors that can increase the risk of an ACL tear include: 

  1. Improper landing from a jump 
  2. Sudden changes in direction 
  3. Awkward falls or tackles 
  4. Overuse 
  5. Weakness or lack of flexibility in the leg muscles 
  6. Use of improper footwear 

Treatment for an ACL Tear

The treatment for an ACL tear depends on the severity of the injury. In most cases, non-surgical options, such as rest, physical therapy, and pain management, can help the knee heal. However, in severe cases, surgery may be needed to repair or reconstruct the ligament. Surgical treatment usually involves a period of rest, physical therapy, and immobilization of the leg using braces or crutches.



ACL tears can be debilitating and a real hindrance to your daily routine. It is always essential to take proper care of your body, warm up before any physical activity and use proper equipment, including durable shoes. If you suspect you may have an ACL tear, it's best to consult a qualified physician or orthopedic surgeon. Central Florida Bone & Joint Institute provides comprehensive orthopedic care, including diagnosis, treatment, and recovery, all coordinated with you. So, if you are looking for an orthopedic surgeon in Deland, FL, don't hesitate to contact us today!.