An ankle sprain results when a rotational or twisting injury causes the ligaments that help stabilize the ankle joint are stretched or torn. There are multiple ligaments which stabilize the ankle joint. The 3 ligaments on the outside part of the ankle are known as the anterior talofibular ligament, calcaneofibular ligament, and posterior talofibular ligament. The deltoid ligament complex is present on the inner part of the ankle. The syndesmotic ligament connects the 2 main bones of the ankle the tibia and the fibula. Any of these ligaments can be injured during an ankle sprain depending on the severity of the injury.
If you think you have an ankle sprain, a thorough history and examination should be performed by a foot and ankle specialist. Our Walk-In Anytime Ortho Orthopedic Urgent Care Clinic is a convenient affordable way to get an accurate diagnosis and treatment without having to go through the hassle and costs of a hospital emergency room.
X-rays are taken in the office to ensure no fractures are present. Ultrasounds can be utilized and MRIs can be ordered to further evaluate the extent of the injury. However most commonly these are reserved for patients that do not respond to conservative treatment.
The vast majority of people with an ankle sprain respond very well to conservative treatment and can normally return to their normal preinjury level of activity. In a small percentage of people, chronic instability of the ankle is present. In these people, there are surgical procedures to further repair and further stabilize the affected ligaments. In these procedures an incision is made over the affected ligament and the ligament is repaired. Internal devices can also be utilized to further protect the underlying structures during the healing process and help increase stability and prevent further injury in the future.
**Disclaimer: Treatment recommendations may vary depending on your true diagnosis. Always follow the recommendations of your orthopedic provider.